Guidelines for Low-Cholesterol Low-Triglyceride Diets
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Foods to Use
Choose lean meats (chicken, turkey, veal, and nonfatty cuts of beef with excess fat trimmed).
(One serving = 3 oz of cooked meat.) Also, fresh or frozen fish and canned fish packed in water. Meats and fish
should be broiled (pan or oven) or baked on a rack.
Egg whites (use freely). Egg yolks (limit three per week).
Eat three servings of fresh fruit per day (1 serving = 1/2 cup). Be sure to have
at least one citrus fruit daily. Frozen or canned fruit with no sugar or syrup added may be used.
Most vegetables are not limited. One dark-green (string beans, escarole) or one
deep-yellow (squash) vegetable is recommended daily. Vegetables may be boiled, steamed, strained or braised with polyunsaturated
vegetable oil (see below).
Dried peas or beans (1 serving = 1/2 cup) may be used as a bread substitute.
Pecans, walnuts and peanuts may be used sparingly. 1 serving = 1 tablespoonful.
One roll or one slice of whole-grain or enriched bread may be used or three soda crackers
or four pieces of melba toast as a substitute. Spaghetti, rice or noodles (1/2 cup) or 1/2 large ear of corn may be
used as a bread substitute. In preparing these foods, do not use butter or shortening; use soft margarine. Also
use egg and sugar substitutes.
Use 1/2 cup of hot cereal or 3/4 cup of cold cereal per day. Add a sugar substitute
Always use skim milk or skim milk products such as low-fat cheeses (farmer's, uncreamed
cottage, mozzarella), low-fat yogurt and powdered skim milk.
Soft margarine and polyunsaturated vegetable oils derived from safflower, soybean, sunflower,
corn or sesame seeds.
Limit to two servings per day; substitute each serving for a bread/cereal serving: ice
milk, water sherbet (1/4 cup); unflavored gelatin or gelatin flavored with sugar substitute (1/3 cup); pudding prepared with
skim milk (1/2 cup); egg white soufflés; unbuttered popcorn (1
Fresh fruit juices (limit 4 oz per day); black coffee, plain or herbal teas; soft drinks
with sugar substitutes; club soda, preferably salt-free; cocoa made with skim milk or nonfat dried milk and water (sugar substitute
added if desired); clear broth. Alcohol: limit two servings per day.
You may use the following freely: Vinegar, spices, herbs, nonfat bouillon, mustard, Worcestershire
sauce, soy sauce, flavoring essence.
Foods to Avoid
Pork, bacon, sausage and other pork products; fatty fowl (duck, goose); skim and fat of
turkey and chicken; processed meats; luncheon meats (salami, bologna); frankfurters and fast-food hamburgers (they're loaded
with fat); organ meats (kidneys, liver); canned fish packed in oil. Shellfish (lobster, shrimp, crab, oysters) should
be used sparingly.
Limit egg yolks to three per week.
Avoid avocados and olives. Starchy vegetables (potatoes, corn, lima beans, dried
peas, beans) may be used only if substituted for a serving of bread or cereal.
Commercial baked beans with sugar and/or pork.
Avoid nuts. Limit pecans, walnuts and peanuts to one tablespoonful per day.
Any baked goods with shortening and/or sugar. Commercial mixes with dried eggs and
whole milk. Avoid sweet rolls, doughnuts and breakfast pastries (Danish).
Whole milk and whole-milk packaged goods; cream; ice cream; whole milk puddings, yogurt
or cheeses; nondairy cream substitutes.
Butter, saturated fats (olive, peanut, coconut oil), lard, solid margarine, commercial
salad dressings, gravies, bacon drippings, cream sauces.
Fried snack foods like potato chips; chocolate; candies in general; jams, jellies, syrups;
whole milk puddings; ice cream and milk sherbets. Hydrogenated peanut butter.
Sugared fruit juices and soft drinks; cocoa made with whole milk and/or sugar. When
using alcohol (1 oz liquor, 5 oz beer, or 2 1/2 oz dry table wine per serving), one serving must be substituted for one bread
or cereal serving (limit two servings of alcohol per day).
- Remember that even nonlimited foods should be used in moderation.
- While on cholesterol-lowering diets, be sure to avoid animal fats and marbled meats.
- While on triglyceride-lowering diets, be sure to avoid sweets and to control the amount of carbohydrates
you eat (starchy foods such as flour, bread, potatoes).
- Consult your physician if you have any questions.